Design Guidelines
Macquarie University Property
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Civil Works

Campus Infrastructure Model

A campus infrastructure Revit model will be provided to consultants and contractors containing information on existing infrastructure. The Contractor/Consultant shall continue to use this or a compatible system to develop the design, construction and as built documentation.

All as-built infrastructure works documentation is to be coordinated with the University's nominated consultant for administration of the campus infrastructure model:

David Buckle | DBA Hydraulics
8/38 Rowe St Eastwood NSW 2122
Office: 02 9804 8086

External Works

Refer also to Site Planning Requirements for information on site requirements.

Mowing slopes

  • The maximum slope of formed banks surfaced with grass for mowing is to be 1 in 4.
  • Slopes steeper than this are to be treated with appropriate planting or retaining treatment to the approval of the MQP.

Refer to Level Changes section under Site Planning for further information.


  • Excavation in the vicinity of known or likely service pipe locations is to be by hand.

Retaining Walls

  • Retaining walls above one metre in height are to be designed by a structural engineer, and constructed and finished with vandal and weather resistant materials or proprietary systems compatible with adjacent buildings and landscape surfaces.
  • Planting in conjunction with retaining walls is to be to MQP approval.

Landscaping Rectification

  • Any new building works is to include the rectification and /or reinstatement of area around the building including civil works and landscaping of disturbed ground within the designated building site defined by MQP.
  • The reinstatement of the site is to restore the area to at least a condition similar to existing areas adjacent, i.e. turfed and top soiled mowable slopes, native trees where trees are appropriate, and ground cover or similar on slopes steeper than 1:4.

Bedding and Backfilling


Service trenches are to be excavated, bedded and backfilled in accordance with the following requirements:

  • All backfill material shall be watered and compacted in 150mm layers by the use of dedicated ground compaction equipment.
  • Compaction to be undertaken to 98% of the modified maximum dry density, determined by the methods of AS1289 Method of Testing Soil for Engineering Purposes.
  • Proper Care is to be taken during backfilling to prevent any damage to inground services. All inground piping is to be charge or kept under testing during backfilling operations.
  • Do not cover and/or backfill piping in trenchers until inspections and tests are completed, inspected by MQP and approved for Backfilling by MQP.
  • Include approved PVC marker tape and metal tracer wire over all inground piping.
  • Pipes to be minimum 900mm below finished ground surface.


Backfill over services as set out in the following table dependent upon proposed surface finish

LayerRoadway & WalkwayGrassed / Garden Natural Area
Base under pipesAll service pipes, conduits and cables shall be bedded on 50mm thick layer of compacted sand.All service pipes, conduits and cables shall be bedded on 50mm thick layer of compacted sand.
Over pipesCover with 5% cement stabilised sand for a depth of 150mm above pipes sockets collars and joints, compacted by inundation.Cover with sand for a depth of 150mm above pipes sockets collars and joints, compacted by inundation.
Intermediate layerBackfill to 50mm below natural surface with 3% lime stabilised road base, compacted.Backfill to 300mm below natural surface with sand or similar granular material, compacted.
Top layerMinimum 50mm Bitumen hot mix AC10,  rolled to compactMinimum 300mm depth of stockpiled / previously excavated topsoil.
FinishBitumen hot mix top layer left uniformly 5mm above surrounding surface.Turf finish to match adjacent or 75mm MQP approved mulch to garden areas.

Soil Treatment

To minimize termite activity the following is to be undertaken during any construction ground works:

  • Include for soil treatment by a specialist contractor in accordance with AS2057.
  • No timber is to be left in the ground.
  • Timber in construction is to be reduced to a minimum,
  • Where timber is used it is to be chemically treated against termite attack.

Environmental Damage, Soil Erosion

Construction head contractors are responsible for implementing appropriate measures to manage the construction site and prevent environmental damage or nuisance to the area surrounding the construction site.

Refer also to the 'Environmental Management Plan' section, under Sustainability for details of the requirement to develop a Site specific Environmental Management Plan.

Soil erosion protection measures, where applicable, are to be put in place before the start of any excavation.

Contamination Certification

  • Where contaminates are identified or encountered and as required by regulations, excavated material to be removed from the site may need to be tested by an authorised testing authority and a report issued on behalf of the University identifying any contamination disclosed by the tests.
  • The consultants are to ascertain whether such a test is required and organise the Builder to have it carried out.
  • The University will pay all costs of testing of materials.

Refer also to 'Hazardous Materials' section under Health & Safety / Safety in Design for further information.


Where directed, or recommended by the landscape consultant, and where the building budget permits, include in the building contract the automatic irrigation of all or selected parts of the external planting and lawns around the building.

Gardeners' Stores

Where included in the project brief or directed by the Macquarie Property MQP to an agreed location;

  • Provide in an external location at ground or basement level a Gardeners' Store with the following characteristics:
    • Store to be 2 metres x 2 metres on with a ceiling height of 2.4metres.
    • Include a double solid core external grade door or roller shutter, lockable and keyed to university master keying system.
    • include fixed ventilation grill with a free area of at least 10% of the floor area.
    • Include shelving and fitout as indicated in the brief.

Waste & Recycling Bin Enclosure

Where included in the project brief or directed by the Macquarie Property MQP to an agreed location include a masonry enclosure for the storage of bins, having:

  • Direct external access for bin removal from an adjacent internal road for waste removal.
  • Gate or doors to be lockable.
  • Design of the waste and recycling bin enclosure is to be to suite the bin types and sizes required. Refer to NSW EPA ‐ Better Practice Guidelines for Waste Management and Recycling in Commercial and Industrial Facilities

Public Domain


The Macquarie University Master Plan recognises the importance of the Public Domain and its ability to link the connect the various areas and buildings within the campus, structured around the creation of a robust landscape frame work that will provide strong and consistent base for the future growth and development of the university campus.

Refer to the Macquarie University Campus Master Plan 2014 for further details of the public domain links and connections to the perimeter of the campus.


Roads, driveways and turning circles, are to be designed of appropriate width profiles and construction to carry vehicles and loads suitable for their intended use, including emergency vehicles where applicable, and generally in accordance with the guidelines of the NSW Traffic Authority.

Materials, surfaces, kerbs, gutters, drainage, markings, crossings, signage and lighting are to be in accordance with the relevant SAA codes and the requirements of Ryde City Council

Below are the detail requirements of the for Kerbs & Gutters:

  • All corners to have 25 radius
  • Kerb on returns, Circles and Cul‐de‐Sacs to have vertical faces
  • Heavy duty gutter crossings to be 150 thick and reinforced with one layer F62 Fabric
  • Gutter Crossings in roads carrying industrial traffic to be 150 thick at the outer edge
  • Compression strength of concrete to be not less than 20 mpa at 28 days
  • The road base course is to be extended beneath the kerb and gutter
  • Mastic expansion joints to be placed at no more than5m and not less than 4m intervals
  • Refer to Council's detail specification.
  • This plan replaces Council's previous standard's plan Nos. M85, M185, M224 and M405
  • Where conduits are placed prior to kerb construction the face of kerb shall be marked as required to Council's requirements.

Emergency Vehicle Access

Fire Brigade vehicles shall have direct access to at least one face of every existing building by means of a street, bridge, yard or private roadway, in line with the following principles. 

Access Requirements for Fire Brigade Vehicles

  • Minimum width of access road: 6 metres
  • Minimum clearance height: 4 metres
  • Minimum turning circle of road: 28 metres
  • Minimum width of gateway: 4 metres
  • Surface able to withstand laden weight up to 24 tonnes
  • With any new works ensure that Emergency Vehicle access is provided to at least one face of any new building or as required by the NCC/BCA and the associated regulations. The design of access roads/ pathways for emergency vehicles is to be in accordance with the NSW Fire Brigade

Guidelines for Emergency Vehicle Access. Refer to Fire & Rescue NSW

  • During any construction works ensure that:
  • Emergency vehicle access is to all existing and new buildings be maintained 24 hours per day.
  • Maintenance vehicle access is to be provided to all existing buildings.

Pathways (Access ways)

  • Refer to the University Master Plan for specific details of the pathways and walkways to be included in the various zones.

  • In line with the Macquarie University Disability Action Plan 2012 - 2017, accessible paths are to be provided to all buildings and through the campus.
  • All campus external paths, ramps, kerb crossings, gradients, handrails and internal circulation are to be constructed in accordance with Part D3 of the building Code of Australian and Design for Access and Mobility AS 1428.
  • All main access pathways through the campus are to be at a grade of less than 1:20.
  • Pedestrian paving is unless agreed otherwise to be of bitumen where directed or of concrete with a striated surface to match the selected adjacent existing paving.
  • During any construction works ensure that pedestrian assess through the campus and to occupied buildings is not restricted or prevented.

Courtyards and Paved areas

Refer to the University Master Plan for specific details of the courts and paved areas to be included in the various zones.

Wayfinding Signage

Wayfinding signage is to be included in all main connection walkways through the campus to inform and direct students, visitors and staff to

External Wayfinding signage to include:

  • Entry Signage
  • Vehicle Directional Signage
  • Public Transport Signage
  • Parking Signage
  • Campus Directional Signage
  • Building Destination Signage

All wayfinding signage in line with the Macquarie University Signage & Wayfinding Guidelines.

Refer to Signage section of these design guidelines

External Hydrants

Existing buildings and facilities are provided with fire hydrant coverage from existing hydrants, many of which are external feed hydrants.

Information on existing site hydrant system is held and maintained by the MQP and will be provided as part of the project brief.

Fire hydrant systems to new buildings and refurbished areas of existing buildings are be installed to meet the requirements of the BCA and the associated standards.

Ensure that new developments including external works, do not adversely affect access to existing or new hydrants.