Design Guidelines
Macquarie University Property

Civil Works

Civil Works

Campus Infrastructure Model

A campus infrastructure 'revit model' will be provided to consultants and contractors containing information on existing infrastructure. The contractor or consultant shall continue to use the 'revit model', or a compatible system to develop the design, construction and as-built documentation.

Macquarie University makes no warranty as to the completeness or accuracy of the Revit model and the consultants/contractor will be required to satisfy itself as to the efficacy of the information provided.

All as-built infrastructure works documentation is to be coordinated with the University's nominated consultant for administration of the campus infrastructure model.

Contact the consultant

DBA Consulting
Suite 35, 7 Narabang Way
Belrose NSW 2085

Phone - 02 9986 1990
Email -

External Works

Refer to Site Planning requirements for detailed information.

Mowing slopes

The maximum slope of formed banks surfaced with grass for mowing is to be 1 in 4. Slopes steeper than this are to be treated with appropriate planting or retaining treatment to the approval of Macquarie University Property.

  • Refer to level changes section under Site Planning for further information.

Retaining Walls

Retaining walls are to be constructed and finished with vandal and weather resistant materials or proprietary systems compatible with adjacent buildings and landscape surfaces. Planting in conjunction with retaining walls is subject to Macquarie University Property approval.

Landscaping Rectification

Any new building works is to include the rectification or reinstatement of the area around the building. This includes civil works and landscaping of disturbed ground within the designated building site defined by Macquarie University Property.

The reinstatement requirements are to restore the area surrounding the site to at least a condition similar to the existing adjacent areas, i.e. turfed and top soiled mow-able slopes, native trees where trees are appropriate, and ground cover or similar on slopes steeper than 1:4.

Bedding and Back-filling


Service trenches are to be excavated, bedded and back-filled in accordance with the following requirements:

  1. All back-fill material shall be watered and compacted in 150 millimetre layers by the use of dedicated ground compaction equipment.
  2. Compaction to be undertaken to 98% of the modified maximum dry density, determined by the methods of AS 1289 Method of Testing Soil for Engineering Purposes.
  3. Proper Care is to be taken during back-filling to prevent any damage to in-ground services. All in-ground piping is to be charged or kept under pressure testing during back-filling operations.
  4. Do not cover and/or back-fill piping in trenchers until inspections and tests are completed, inspected by Macquarie University Property and approved for back-filling by Macquarie University Property.
  5. Include approved polyvinyl chloride (PVC) marker tape and metal tracer wire over all in-ground piping.
  6. Pipes to be minimum 900 millimetre below finished ground surface.


Back-fill over services as set out in the following table dependent upon proposed surface finish

LayerRoadway & WalkwayGrassed / Garden Natural Area
Base under pipesAll service pipes, conduits and cables shall be bedded on 50 millimetre thick layer of compacted sandAll service pipes, conduits and cables shall be bedded on 50 millimetre thick layer of compacted sand.
Over pipesCover with 5% cement stabilised sand for a depth of 150 millimetres above pipes sockets collars and joints, compacted by inundationCover with sand for a depth of 150 millimetres above pipes sockets collars and joints, compacted by inundation.
Intermediate layerBack-fill to 50 millimetres below natural surface with 3% lime stabilised road base, compactedBack-fill to 300 millimetres below natural surface with sand or similar granular material, compacted.
Top layerMinimum 50 millimetre bitumen hot mix (AC10),  rolled to compactA minimum of 300 millimetre depth of stockpiled / previously excavated topsoil.
FinishBitumen hot mix top layer left uniformly 5 millimetres above the surrounding surfaceTurf finish to match adjacent or 75 millimetre depth (Macquarie University Property approved mulch to garden areas).

Soil Treatment

To minimise termite activity, the following is to be undertaken during any construction ground works:

  • Include for soil treatment by a specialist contractor in accordance with AS 2057-1986 Protection of buildings from subterranean termites
  • No timber is to be left in the ground
  • Timber in construction is to be reduced to a minimum
  • Where timber is used it is to be chemically treated against termite attack.

Environmental Damage, Soil Erosion

Appropriate measures to manage the construction site and prevent environmental damage or nuisance to the area surrounding the construction site must be implemented. Special attention must be paid to sites where there is the risk of contamination of the University waterways.

The development of a site specific environmental management plan may be necessary. Soil erosion protection measures, where applicable, are to be put in place before the start of any excavation.


Where directed or recommended by the landscape consultant, automatic irrigation of external planting and lawns around the building may be permitted.

Gardeners' Stores

If included in the project brief or directed by the Macquarie University Property, a Gardeners' Store is to be provided in an agreed external location at ground or basement level and have the following characteristics:

  • Store to be 2 metres x 2 metres with a ceiling height of 2.4 metres
  • Include a double solid core external grade door or roller shutter, lockable and keyed to University master keying system
  • Include fixed ventilation grill with a free area of at least 10% of the floor area
  • Include shelving and fit-out required.

Waste & Recycling Bin Enclosure

If included in the project brief or directed by Macquarie University Property, a masonry enclosure for the storage of bins is to be provided in an agreed location and have the following:

  • Direct external access for bin removal from an adjacent internal road for waste removal
  • Gate or doors to be lockable
  • Design of the waste and recycling bin enclosure is to be to suit the bin types and sizes required.


Public Domain


The Macquarie University Master Plan recognises the importance of the Public Domain and its ability to link and connect the various areas and buildings within the campus and provide a strong and consistent base for the future growth and development of the University campus.

Refer to the Macquarie University Campus Master Plan 2014 for further details of the public domain links and connections to the perimeter of the campus.


Roads, driveways and turning circles, are to be designed of appropriate width profiles and construction to carry vehicles and loads suitable for their intended use, including emergency vehicles where applicable, and generally in accordance with the guidelines of NSW Roads and Maritime Services.

Materials, surfaces, kerbs, gutters, drainage, markings, crossings, signage and lighting are to be in accordance with the relevant Standards Australia codes and the City of Ryde Standard Drawings.

Below are the detailed requirements for kerbs and gutters:

  • All corners to have a 25 millimetre radius
  • Kerb on returns, circles and cul-de-sacs to have vertical faces
  • Heavy duty gutter crossings to be 150 millimetres thick and reinforced with one layer F62 Fabric
  • Gutter Crossings in roads carrying industrial traffic to be 150 millimetres thick at the outer edge
  • Compression strength of concrete to be not less than 20 megapascal (mpa) at 28 days
  • The road base course is to be extended beneath the kerb and gutter
  • Mastic expansion joints to be placed at no more than 5 metre and not less than 4 metre intervals
  • Refer to the City of Ryde detail specification.
  • This plan replaces Council's previous standard's plan Nos. M85, M185, M224 and M405.

Where conduits are placed prior to kerb construction the face of kerb shall be marked as required to the City of Ryde requirements.

Emergency Vehicle Access

Fire Brigade vehicles shall have direct access to at least one face of every existing building by means of a street, bridge, yard or private roadway, in line with the following principles.

The access requirements for NSW Fire & Rescue vehicles are:

  • Minimum width of access road – 6 metres
  • Minimum clearance height: – 4 metres
  • Minimum turning circle of road – 28 metres
  • Minimum width of gateway – 4 metres
  • Surface able to withstand laden weight up to 24 tonnes

For any new works, ensure that emergency vehicle access is provided to at least one face of any new building or as required by the National Construction Code/ Australian Building Codes Board and the associated regulations. The design of access roads/ pathways for emergency vehicles is to be in accordance with Fire & Rescue NSW.

During any construction work, it is important to ensure that:

  • Emergency vehicle access is to all existing and new buildings be maintained 24 hours per day
  • Maintenance vehicle access is to be provided to all existing buildings.


Pathways (Access ways)

Accessible paths are to be provided to all buildings and through the Campus.All campus external paths, ramps, kerb crossings, gradients, handrails and internal circulation are to be constructed in accordance with Part D3 of the Australian Building Codes Board and the Australian Standard for Design for Access and Mobility (AS 1428).

All main access pathways through the campus are to be at a grade of less than 1:20 whilst pedestrian paving unless agreed otherwise, is to be of bitumen where directed or of concrete with a striated surface to match the selected adjacent existing paving.

During construction works, ensure that pedestrian assess through the campus and to occupied buildings is not restricted or prevented.

Courtyards and Paved areas

Refer to the Macquarie University Campus Master Plan for specific details of the courtyards and paved areas to be included in the various zones.

Wayfinding Signage

Wayfinding signage is to be included in all main connection walkways through the campus to inform and direct students, visitors and staff.

External Wayfinding signage must include:

  • Entry signage
  • Vehicle directional signage
  • Public transport signage
  • Parking signage
  • Campus directional signage
  • Building destination signage

All wayfinding signage must be in line with the Macquarie University Signage & Wayfinding Guidelines.

External Hydrants

Existing buildings and facilities are provided with fire hydrant coverage from existing hydrants, many of which are external feed hydrants.

Information on existing site hydrant system is held and maintained by Macquarie University Property and will be provided as part of the project brief.

Fire hydrant systems to new buildings and refurbished areas of existing buildings are be installed to meet the requirements of the Australian Building Codes Board and the associated standards.

Ensure that new developments including external works, do not adversely affect access to existing or new hydrants.