Design Guidelines
Macquarie University Property
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Room and Space Planning

General

All spaces are to be designed to suit the functional requirements of the space, while still allowing for future flexibility and multi-functionality of the space.

The Project Brief will contain specific details of spaces to be provided.

Proportions (XY)

Proportions listed for each room or space is an indication of the general desired configuration of the space.

The following table indicates the typical room and space types along with their proportional configuration, which is based on the functional requirements and the type of activity focus of the space.

SpacesProportion (XY)Additional GuidancePrimary Function
Workspaces, enclosed or openTo suit furniture layout.
- min. 1.5m wide space behind desk for access.
- min. 1.8m between desks in back-to-back arrangement.
Shape and space to be designed to suit the workspace furniture requirements and ensure suitable access, including access for mobility impaired persons.Space for focused activity
Meeting RoomsApproximately square.
Accessible from either department zone or university zones
Space is to be a collaborative focus usually around a table, ideally is represented by a circleCollaborative Space

Copy/Print/Resource Room

To suit equipment layout.
Min 2.3m wide.
Could be bay off circulation space
Space is to be an active equipment function space easily accessed by staffActive / Equipment interface space
Comms RoomTo suit equipment layoutDesigned for maximum efficiency while ensuring access for servicingEquipment space
First AidTo suit furniture layout Min. 2.3m wide. Refer to Worksafe Aust Code of PracticeShape and space to be designed to suite the furniture requirements and ensure suitable access, including access for mobility impaired persons.Support task focus
ToiletsTo suit required fixtures.
Include accessible and ambulant facilities in line with the NCC & AS1428.1 requirements
Space to be designed to maximise efficiency and access to required number of fixtures.
Consider the inclusion of a single gender-neutral facility in the same area as other facilities where included within design brief
Support task focus
Cleaners RoomTo suit equipment layoutSpace to be designed to maximise efficiency and access to required number of fixturesEquipment / storage space
Tea PointTo suit furniture layout Min. 1.8m wide.
Space to the side of general corridor.
Space is to be an active equipment function space easily accessed by staffActive / Equipment interface space
Tea Room / LunchroomTo suit furniture layout
may have operable wall / doors to an adjacent seminar room.
Shape and space to be designed to suit the furniture requirements and ensure suitable access, including access for mobility impaired persons.Space for both individual and Collaborative activity
Teaching Spaces GenerallyRoom proportion to suit correct layout of furniture.Designed to suit the furniture requirements, interaction between lecturers and students.
Ensure suitable access, including access to mobility impaired persons.
Space for instructive learning, collaborative activity and active learning
StageMinimum prescenium width of 6m and 6m deep.Stage requirements may vary slightly depending upon the proposed performance type and will have Project Specific requirementsPerformance tasks
Lecture RoomRoom proportion to suit correct layout of furnitureDesigned to suit the furniture requirements, interaction between lecturers and students.
Ensure suitable access, including access for mobility impaired persons.
Space for instructive learning
Entry ZoneRoom proportions to suit access requirementsEnsure suitable access, including access for mobility impaired persons.Transient space.
Teaching LabRoom proportion to suit correct layout of furnitureDesigned to suit the furniture requirements, interaction between lecturers and students.
Ensure suitable access, including access for mobility impaired persons.
Space for collaborative activity and active learning
Lab PreparationConnected to Lab.
Room to suit furniture layout.
May serve single or multiple labs.
Designed to maximise workspace and storageActive / Equipment interface space
Lab Prep StoreConnected to prep.
To suit maximum storage
Designed to maximise storage and ensure access.Storage space
Science / Engineering Comms RoomRoom proportion to suit correct server locationDesigned for maximum efficiency while ensuring access for servicingEquipment space
Science / Engineering Robot TestRoom proportion to suit test
area.
Nominal 8m x 6m plus overruns
Designed to suit test area size and proportions plus occupant supervision.Active / collaborative Learning space
Science / Engineering CADRoomConnected to adjacent laboratory.
Room to suit furniture layout.
May serve single or multiple labs.
Designed to suit the furniture requirements, Ensure suitable access, including access for mobility impaired persons.Active / Equipment interface space
Chemical StoreRoom proportion to suit layout of furniture and chemical storage requirementsDesigned to maximise storage to standards requirements and ensure access.Storage space

Design Occupancies

The design occupancy of a space will vary depending upon the designated function of the space.

  • Focused learning, Personalised study, workpoints or reflective spaces tend to be designed for individual occupants.
  • Collaborative spaces are generally designed for a small to medium number of occupants and include Meeting spaces, active learning spaces and seminar type spaces.
  • Directive learning spaces such as larger general learning spaces, Lecture or tutorial spaces are generally for larger numbers of occupants.
  • Information distribution spaces such as large lecture auditoriums for larger numbers of occupants.

The design brief is to be developed to direct the number of the various types of spaces and clarify the occupancy numbers based on an assessment of the facility needs and projected space demand.

Note that the cited design occupancy does not supersede any technical requirements of the building and should be considered in conjunction with equipment and infrastructure capacities and operational scenarios.

SpacesDesign Occupancy
Single office / workpointone person
Meeting RoomMin 9m2 for 5 people
Copy/Print/Resource RoomAllow 4 - 6m2
Comms RoomMin 4m2 per comms rack
Tea Room / LunchroomArea min 10m2 per room
Seminar RoomMin 20 persons, 50 person preferred.
Tutorial RoomTypically for 30 or 60 students.
Large Tutorial Room 100For 100 students
TheatretteFor 150 students
Theatre (350)For 350 students
Theatre (500+)For 500 students
Lecture RoomFor 50 students
Teaching LabFor 50 students
Lab Preparation<10 staff/students
Science / Engineering Robot TestFor 20 students
Science / Engineering CAD RoomFor 20 students

Areas - General

Areas of spaces are based predominately on either the:

  • design occupancy for the individual function or
  • the plant and equipment requirements.

The areas listed within the room data are minimum areas to be allocated for that space and do not include circulation area between spaces unless specifically identified.

With respect to design occupancy, regulations such as the BCA give an indication of expected generic areas per occupant. It should be noted that the areas listed in the BCA include:

  • space for individual occupants,
  • space for generic equipment, and
  • circulation space for occupants to maneuver between areas.

The design team are to develop a design that:

  • includes areas to meet the functional requirements,
  • allows for future flexibility of the functional use of the spaces,
  • provides sufficient circulation areas between spaces to meet access and egress requirements.
  • is the most efficient use of the space available.

Circulation areas such as corridors are to be designed to meet the requirements for all expected users including mobility impaired occupants and are to meet the regulatory requirements which are typically set out within the NCC/BCA and the Australian Standards, such as AS1428.1.

Minimum Areas

The following table indicates the minimum floor areas that are recommended for the various types of spaces.

Note that the cited areas do not supersede any technical requirements of the building and should be considered in conjunction with equipment and infrastructure capacities and operational scenarios.

Staff SpacesNominal Minimum Areas (m2)
Executive / Dean / VCVice Chancellor 28-35m2
Senior Executive 20-25m2
Executive Dean 16-20m2
Academic StaffTo suit desk layout, approximately 4.4 m2 per workpoint plus circulation.
Staff Meeting Room (Dept)0.2m2 per staff member
1 x 10m2 meeting room per 50 staff
Meeting Room0.2m2 per staff member
1 x 10m2 meeting room per 50 staff
Copy / Print / Resource Room0.27m2 per person.
Bay Minimum 4-6m2
Comms Room0.15m2 per staff member
Minimum 4m2 for 1 comms rack & 1 comms rack per 100 staff spaces or 400 students
First AidMin 14m2 Per 200 occupants (Safework Aust. COP)
ToiletsTo suit number of fixtures and layout to meet the regulatory requirements.
Cleaners Room4-6m2
Tea PointTo suit furniture layout
Tea Room / LunchroomTo suit building occupant numbers.
Nominal 0.5m2 per occupant
Seminar Room0.8m2 per staff member
40m2 for 20
100m2 for 50
General Teaching Spaces 
Tutorial Room2m2 per student + 3m2 for lecturer
Large Tutorial Room 1001.5 m2 per person
Theatrette1.2 mper person
Theatre (350)

1mper students

Theatre (500+)

 1mper students

Stage50 m2
Lecture Room100 m2 for 50 students
Entry Zone 
Teaching Dry Lab

140 m2 for 50 students

Dry Lab Preparation30m2 for 1 Lab
50m2 for 2 Labs
Dry Lab Prep Store10m2 for 1 Lab
20m2 for 2 Labs
Science / Engineering Comms Room7m2 for up to 4 Lab
Science / Engineering Robot TestMin 50m2
Science / Engineering CAD Room10m2
Damp Lab140m2 for 50 students
Damp Lab Prep30m2 for 1 Lab
50m2 for 2 Labs
Damp Lab Store10m2 for 1 Lab
20m2 for 2 Labs
Wet Lab140 m2 for 50 students
Wet Lab Prep30m2 for 1 Lab
50m2 for 2 Labs
Wet Lab Store10m2 for 1 Lab
20m2 for 2 Labs
Chemical Store12m2

Other Room and Space Planning Requirements

For each specific space there are additional planning requirements or constraints that are important and are to be taken into consideration in the design of any new facility.

These requirements will include planning requirements such as;

  • relationship to adjacent spaces, including location of space with respect to other areas on campus.
  • specific legislative requirement, eg. Designed to meet laboratory code or food handling code, etc.

The following table sets out these requirements for each of the space types.

SpacesPlanning Requirements - Other
Office workpointPositioned adjacent to office circulation area.
Staff Meeting Room (Dept)Only provided within department with 50 or more staff, Shared office may be provided to smaller departments on the basis of one space per 50 staff.
Meeting RoomMaximum 60m from any workpoint.
Copy / Print / Resource RoomOne bay in corridor per department of more than 150m2, or per floor. Maximum 30m from any workpoint.
Comms RoomMinimum of one room per 1000m2 of office area or one room per building.
First AidMinimum of one room per building over 2,000m2.
ToiletsMaximum 60m from any workpoint.
Cleaners RoomMinimum of One room per building.
Tea PointOne space per floor or department over 500m2.
Located as extension of common walkway
Tea Room / LunchroomOne room / space per floor or department over 500m2.
Or shared with adjacent departments / areas.
Maximum 60m from any workpoint.
Seminar RoomMaximum one space 80m from any workpoint.
General Teaching Spaces 
Tutorial RoomMinimum ceiling height 2.7m
Large Tutorial Room (100 occupants)Minimum ceiling height 2.7m
TheatretteMinimum ceiling height 2.7m
Theatre (350)Designed as entertainment venue auditorium
Minimum ceiling height 2.7m
Theatre (500+)Designed as entertainment venue auditorium
Minimum ceiling height 2.7m
StageDesigned as entertainment venue. Minimum ceiling height 6m
Proscenium opening to adjacent theatre / auditorium
Lecture RoomMinimum ceiling height 2.7m
Tutorial Student Counseling 
Meeting / Interview Room 
Teaching LabDesigned as a laboratory, to the Laboratory Code (PC1)
Lab PreparationDesigned as a laboratory, to the Laboratory Code (PC1) Maximum distance to door 7m.
Lab Prep StoreDesigned as a laboratory, to the Laboratory Code (PC1)
Science / Engineering Comms RoomDesigned to suit comms equipment
Science / Engineering Robot TestDirect connection with CAD room and Laboratory
Science / Engineering CAD RoomDirect connection with Robot Test room and Laboratory
Chemical StoreDesigned to the Laboratory Code. Maximum distance to door 5m.